### What is Mathematics?

♫ Monday, August 23rd, 2010Mathematics is the study of numbers, quantity, structure, space, and change. Mathematicians find out patterns, formulate new conjectures, and establish truth by rigorous deduction from appropriately chosen axioms and definitions.

Mathematic is a science that study quantity, structure, space and change. It looks for a model, patterns, create new conjectures and develop truth basing on a deductions from appropriately chosen axioms and definitions.

There is a discussion on mathematical items like numbers and points exist in nature or are created by human. One of the great mathematician Benjamin Price said that mathematics is “the science that draws necessary conclusions”. On the other side Einstein thought that “as far as the laws of mathematics refer to reality, they are not certain and as far as they certain, they do not refer to reality.”.

Mathematics originated from logical reasoning, counting, calculation, measurement and systematic studies like the ones of shapes or motion. We can say that mathematics has been a human concern since written record exist. First tough elements of mathematics appeared in Ancient Greek, in Euclid’s Elements. Mathematics developed in China (300 BC), India (100 CE) and in Arabia (800 CE). In a Renaissance mathematics starts to heavily interacts with and confirms a lot of new scientific discoveries and that effected in a rapid growth of this discipline and high interest which is present and evolved in today’s world.

It is used as a basic tool in many fields covering natural science, engineering, medicine and of course the social sciences. Applied mathematics is the branch that takes care of possibilities and ways to apply it in many different ways. For example thanks to it we have a statistics data. Mathematicians also took a clear mathematic path devoting themselves strictly to their study.

The word “mathematics” comes from máthÄ”ma (Greek) and means: study, science, learning and also has a narrow meaning – “mathematical study” which was present in Classical times. Adjective created from is strictly joined with learning experience and in Latin ‘ars mathematica’ was meaning literally ‘mathematical art’.

It is proven that even prehistoric people were able to count quantities like ones connected directly to time, days, seasons and years. Basic arithmetic followed naturally.

Generally mathematics can be divided into studies of quantity, structure and space and of a change for algebra and analysis. There are also other main links that goes out of mathematic tree that are: logic, foundations theory, empirical mathematics (mentioned above applied mathematics) and most recent studies on theory of uncertainty.